Controlled Substances And Offenses: Classifications In Oklahoma

Controlled substances, or drugs, are categorized in Schedules I – V from most to least dangerous.

Schedule I

A Schedule I controlled substance is classified as a drug or other substance with a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use, and has a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

Controlled substances in this category include marijuana, heroin, peyote, and mescaline.

Schedule II

A Schedule II controlled substance is classified as a drug or other substance with a high potential for abuse, has a current accepted medical use or medical use with severe restrictions, and use of said substance may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Controlled substances in this category include cocaine, opium, methadone, oxycodone, and morphine.

Schedule III

A Schedule III controlled substance is classified as a drug or other substance with a potential for abuse less than those classified as Schedules I or II, has a currently accepted medical use in treatment, and abuse of said substance may lead to a moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Controlled substances in this category include anabolic steroids, ketamine, and hydrocodone/codeine in conjunction with an NSAID.

Schedule IV

A Schedule IV controlled substance is classified as a drug or other substance with a low potential for abuse relative to those classified in Schedule III, has a currently accepted medical use in treatment; abuse of said substance may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence.

Controlled substances in this category include benzodiazepines such as Xanax and Valium and benzodiazepine-like substances such as Ambien.

Schedule V

A Schedule V controlled substance is classified as a drug or other substance with a low potential for abuse relative to those classified in Schedule IV, has a currently accepted medical use; abuse of said substance may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence.

Controlled substances in this category include codeine within cough suppressants, pregabalin (Lyrica), and common substances found in anti-diarrheals.

The penalties for distribution are determined by the schedule of the controlled substance.

Penalties For Possession With Intent To Distribute

Schedules I and II

Only for heroin, cocaine (coke), cocaine base (crack), GBLs, and LSD

  • Five years to life in prison, first conviction; 10 year to life in prison, second
  • The possibility of probation, first conviction
  • A fine of no greater than $100,000, first conviction; fine is doubled or no greater than $200,000, second

Schedules I, II, III, IV

Any substance other than those listed above

  • Two years to life in prison, first conviction; Four years to life, second and subsequent
  • Possibility of probation, first conviction
  • Fine of no greater than $20,000, first conviction; fine of no greater than $40,000, second and subsequent
  • No greater than five years in prison
  • A fine of no greater than $1,000
  • Sentence is determined as defined above, then doubled for both jail time and fine

Schedule V

  • No greater than five years in prison
  • A fine of no greater than $1,000

Distribution To Minors By An Adult

  • Sentence is determined as defined above, then doubled for both jail time and fine

Penalties For Possession Of Schedules I Or II

Excludes marijuana

  • Two to 10 years in prison, first conviction; Four to 20 years, second and subsequent
  • A fine of no more than $5,000, first; $10,000, second and subsequent

Penalties for Possession Of Schedules III, IV, V

Includes marijuana

  • No more than one year of jail time for a misdemeanor, first conviction; two to 10 years in prison, second and subsequent
  • A fine of no more than $1,000, first; $5,000, second and subsequent

Penalties Aiding/Abetting A Minor In Drug-Related Crimes

Penalties are same for first and subsequent offenses

  • No more than 20 years in prison
  • A fine of no more than $200,000

Penalties For Paraphernalia Delivered To A Minor By An Adult

  • No more than two years and/or
  • A fine of no more than $1,000
  • No more than 1 year of jail time, first and subsequent conviction(s) and/or
  • A fine of no more than $1,000, first conviction; $5,000, second; $10,000, subsequent

Penalties For Possession Of Paraphernalia

  • No more than one year of jail time, first and subsequent conviction(s) and/or
  • A fine of no more than $1,000, first conviction; $5,000, second; $10,000, subsequent

Understanding Potential Penalties Is An Important Part Of Strong Criminal Defense — Contact Coyle Law Firm For Help Today

As dedicated defense attorneys, we are truly interested in helping you recover your prospects of a rewarding future in spite of drug charges against you. Start now to formulate an effective defense strategy with our help. Call Coyle Law Firm at 405-546-1268 or email us through this website.